A Beginners Guide to dog shows - http://www.akc.org/dic/events/conform/begnshws.cfm

All-Breed Show Conformation show where all AKC-recognized breeds may be exhibited.

Best in Show At an all-breed show, the only dog left undefeated at the end of all judging on that day.

Best of Breed Dog or bitch selected by the judge as the best representative of a particular breed on that day.

Best of Opposite Sex The best dog that is of the opposite sex to the Best of Breed winner.

Best of Winners The dog judged as best between the Winners Dog and Winners Bitch.

Breed standard The set of breed descriptions originally laid down by the various parent breed clubs and accepted officiallyby
international bodies .

Breeder A person who breeds dogs. Under AKC rules, the breeder is the owner or the lessee of the dam on the date of
mating that produced a litter.

CGC Canine Good Citizen® Outreach program, put on by a club, which tests a dog's behavior.

Champion (Ch.) A title conferred on a dog by the AKC as a result of defeating a specified number of dogs in specified
competition at a series of AKC-licensed or -member dog shows.

Companion Dog (CD) A title conferred on a dog by the AKC as a result of having won certain minimum scores in Novice
classes at a specified number of AKC-licensed or -member obedience trials.

Companion Dog Excellent (CDX) A title conferred on a dog by the AKC as a result of having won certain minimum scores
in Open classes at a specified number of AKC-licensed or -member obedience trials.

Conformation show Dog show where the dogs are judged on how closely they adhere to the breeds standard. Also known
as all-breed, group, or specialty shows.

Co-owners One or more individuals recorded in the AKC records as the registered owner of a dog.

Drive A solid thrusting of the hindquarters, denoting sound locomotion.

Dual champion A dog that has won both a conformation and a field trial championship.

Field Champion (FC) A title conferred on a dog by the AKC as a result of defeating a specified number of dogs in specified
competition at a series of AKC-licensed or -member field trials.

Gait The pattern of footsteps at various rates of speed, each pattern distinguished by a particular rhythm and footfall.

Group Class A class made up of dogs designated Best of Breed or Best of Variety for their specific group. No separate
entry is made for this class. Each group winner is eligible to compete in the Best in Show competition.

Groups The breeds as grouped into seven divisions by the AKC to facilitate judging. The seven groups are: sporting, hound,
working, toy, terrier, non-sporting, and herding.

Gun dog A dog trained to find or pursue game

Hip Dysplasia Abnormal formation of the hip joint.

Hunting tests Non competitive field events for flushing breeds, retrieving breeds, and pointing breeds.
Indefinite Listing Privilege (ILP) A number assigned to a dog by the AKC that allows a dog belonging to one of the AKC-
recognized breeds that could not or was not registered (for whatever reason), to participate in some performance events.
The dog must be spayed or neutered, and it cannot compete in conformation events.

Individual registration When an individual dog becomes AKC-registered

Judge Official approved by the AKC to evaluate dogs at specific AKC events.

JH – Junior Hunter – The dog has received 4 passes at Junior Hunter Level tests.  To receive a passing score the dog
must pass each of the 4 subsections of the test, hunting, pointing, bird finding ability and trainability.

Limited registration Restricted registration that prohibits both AKC registration of any puppies produced by this dog and
participation in conformation events. Limited registration is assigned to a dog by its breeder on its Dog Registration
Application. It can be removed only by the breeder.

Line breeding The practice of mating a dog to a member of an earlier generation of the dog's bloodline

Mahogany Used to describe several breeds, this color is a medium-saturated, dull, reddish brown. Color definitions may
vary by breed. Always check the breed standard for the definitive color description.

Major win A win that consists of 3, 4, or 5 points in conformation events and some performance events.

Master Hunter (MH) A suffix title conferred on dogs that have qualified the required number of times in Master tests at
hunting tests for spaniels, retrievers, and pointing breeds.

National Specialty A dog show held by the Irish Setter Club of America, once a year open only to Irish Setters..

Obedience Trial Champion (OTCH) A prefix used with the name of a dog that has been recorded an Obedience Trial
Champion by the AKC as the result of having won the number of points and First Place wins specified in the current
Obedience Regulations

Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) Organization, established in 1966, that developed and maintains a registry of hip
dysplasia in dogs. Dogs with OFA numbers are rated and certified free of canine hip dysplasia. This rating applies for the life
of the dog. In order to have OFA on AKC records, a dog must have permanent ID.

Pedigree - The written record of a dog's family tree of three or more generations.

Point The intense, stylized stance of the hunting dog, taken to indicate the presence and position of game.

Pointing breeds Term commonly applied to those sporting breeds that typically point birds

Reserve Winners The award given to the second place dog or bitch in the Winners class.

ROM – Register of Merit - This suffix shows that the dog has produced an exceptional number of Champion offspring.  A
dog needs to produce 20 Champions to be ROM while a bitch must produce 7 Champions to be ROM.

Senior Hunter (SH) A suffix title conferred on dogs that have qualified the required number of times in Senior tests at hunting
tests for pointing breeds, retrievers, and spaniels

Sire The male parent.

Slab-sided Flat ribs with too little spring from the spinal column.

Specialty Club A club formed to serve and responsibly promote the interests of a single breed.

Specialty Show Conformation show in which only dogs of an individual breed or group of breeds are eligible to enter.

Sporting Group Group of dogs who were originally bred to assist the hunter to hunt game birds, both on land and in the
water.

Stack (setup, pose) The posing of a dog in a natural position, often done in the conformation show ring

Substance - The amount of bone and muscle mass that a dog has.

Sweepstakes A non-regular competition offered in conjunction with regular classes at specialty shows for puppies or
veterans. Class divisions, requirements, and conditions are established by the club. No championship points are awarded

Title An award conferred on a dog for completing specific qualifications earned at AKC events or AKC-sponsored
activities.

Prefix Titles (come before the registered name):
Ch. - Conformation Champion
FC - Field Champion
AFC - Amateur Field Champion
NAFC - National Amateur Field Champion
NFC - National Field Champion
OTCH - Obedience Trial Champion
CT - Champion Tracker (TD, TDX, VST)
HC - Herding Champion
DC - Dual Champion (CH & FC)
TC - Triple Champion (CH, FC, & OTCH)

Suffix Titles (come after the registered name):
CD - Companion Dog
CDX - Companion Dog Excellent
UD - Utility Dog
UDX - Utility Dog Excellent
TD - Tracking Dog
TDX - Tracking Dog Excellent
VST - Variable Surface Tracking
UDTD (UDT) - Utility Dog Tracking Dog
UDTDX - Utility Dog Tracking Dog Excellent
UDXTDX - Utility Dog Excellent Tracking Dog Excellent
UDVST - Utility Dog Variable Surface Tracking
UDXVST - Utility Dog Excellent Variable Surface Tracking
JH - Junior Hunter
SH - Senior Hunter
MH - Master Hunter
HT - Herding Tested
PT - Pre-Trial Tested
HS - Herding Started
HI - Herding Intermediate
HX - Herding Excellent
JC - Junior Courser
SC - Senior Courser
MC - Master Courser
NA - Novice Agility
OA - Open Agility
AX - Agility Excellent
MX - Master Agility Excellent

Utility Dog (UD) A title awarded to a dog that has been recorded a Utility Dog by the AKC as a result of having won certain
minimum scores in Utility classes at a specified number of AKC licensed or member obedience trials. This title may be
combined with the TD or TDX title and shown as UDT or UDTX, respectively.

Utility Dog Excellent (UDX) A title awarded to a dog that has been recorded a Utility Dog Excellent by the AKC as a result
of having won certain minimum scores in Utility B and Open B classes at a specified number of AKC-licensed or -member
club Obedience Trials. This title may be combined with TD, TDX, or VST titles and shown as UDXTD, UDXTDX, or
UDXVST

Veterans Class Class for dogs older than a minimum age requirement. Each club establishes its own age requirements for this
class

Winners An award given at dog shows to the best dog (Winners Dog) and best bitch (Winners Bitch) competing in regular
classes.

Winners Class A regular class divided by sex, with each division open to dogs of the same sex that have won first prizes in
either the Puppy, Twelve-to-Eighteen month, Novice, Bred-by-Exhibitor, American-Bred or Open classes.

Withers Highest point of a dog's shoulders

VC – Versatility Certificate – The dog must meet certain standards in
Glossary